HMP Brixton opened in 1819 as the Surrey House of Correction and had fulfilled many roles since that time, being both a prison for women, and then a military prison. In 1898 it became an adult male local prison, serving the whole of the London area and particularly focusing on South London, however in July 2012, it was re-roled again, becoming a category C and D resettlement prison for the local area. It has also just undergone a major refurbishment of many parts of the buildings. The prison holds a large population of sexual offenders.
- A wing holds 215 category C prisoners and also has the drug recovery wing
- B wing holds 150 category C prisoners
- C and D wings accommodate a total of 188 category D prisoners
- G wing is the vulnerable prisoner wing and holds a total of 250 category C men.