Birmingham is a Victorian local prison with modern additions. In 2004 it underwent considerable change as a result of a multi-million pound investment programme by the Prison Service, with the addition of 450 prisoner places, new workshops, educational facilities, a new health care centre and gymnasium, as well as extensions and improvements to existing facilities.
Birmingham is the first-ever British public sector prison to be transferred into the private sector estate, with G4S managing the 15-year contract since October 2011. HMP Birmingham holds adult male prisoners, both convicted and unconvicted, on category B and category C; there is also a small population of retained category D prisoners, with a capacity of 919.
The prison was damaged in a serious disturbance in December 2016 and is not yet fully operational. It is part of the West Midlands Region and the #1 director is Peter Small.
The accommodation comprises
- A wing – general prisoners
- B wing – largest unit with general prisoners, also houses the care and separation unit (CSU)
- C wing – general prisoners
- D wing – first night centre
- G wing – general prisoners
- J wing – social care and older persons unit
- K wing – working unit holding general prisoners
- L wing – not in use
- M wing – not in use
- N wing – not in use
- P wing – not in use
- Health care unit with two inpatient wards